Cycles of the Sun

THE ASTRONOMICAL year commences when the sun moves across the
celestial equator from south declination to north declination. Because in
ancient times it was discovered that the point in the sky occupied by the Sun
when it thus crosses from south declination to north declination was the
commencement of the zodiac, east and west measurements on the celestial sphere are
calculated from this point. If they are made along the celestial equator, which is the
projection in the sky of the earth’s equator, they are expressed in degrees and minutes
of Right Ascension. But if, as is required for astrological practice, they are made
along the path of the Sun, or ecliptic, they are expressed in signs, degrees and minutes
of zodiacal longitude. But in either case, the measurement starts from 0 degrees
Aries, where the Sun is located about the 21st of March when it crosses from south
declination to north declination.

Declination also is measured in a north and south direction from the position of the
Sun at this time; a time commonly called the Vernal Equinox, because then is the
commencement of spring (vernal) and the days and nights (nox) are equal (equi).
That is, declination is measured north and south from the celestial equator, on which
the Sun is stationed at the commencement of Aries and the start of the zodiac. When
the measurement north and south is made from the path of the Sun, or elliptic, it is
called latitude. All astrological aspects are calculated by zodiacal longitude, except
one. Parallel of declination is calculated from the north and south distance of two
planets from the celestial equator.

As with all the other astrological orbs, with the exception of the Moon which is a
satellite of the earth, the Cycle of the Sun commences when that body crosses from
south declination to north declination. But it will be seen from the fact that this Sun
crossing establishes those electromagnetic relations which determine where in the
sky each sign is located in the zodiac, that the commencement of the cycle of the Sun
is an extremely important astronomical and astrological event. It is often referred to
as the Vernal Ingress.

All organic activity and life upon the earth are dependent upon energy received from
the Sun. And the vital force of every creature is determined by the thought-cells
mapped in its unconscious mind by the position of the birth chart Sun. Furthermore,
the activity of men and other creatures must depend upon their vitality.

Instead, therefore, of mapping events resulting from one special type of influence, as
does Pluto, Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter and Mars; the Sun Cycle, the
commencement of which marks the beginning of the zodiac and determines the
positions of the signs in the sky for that year, is a chart of events of all types and
affecting every earthly relation for the year.

This does not mean that all the chief events of the year are signified in their relative
importance by the Vernal Ingress, or Sun Cycle chart. The most important events of
each type are indicated by appropriate progressed aspects in the Cycle Chart of the
planet to which by type they belong. That is, the most important accidents and
combats are dated and indicated in the Mars Cycle, the most important financial
transactions in the Jupiter Cycle, and the most important innovations and inventions
in the Uranus Cycle But aside from these events, and in addition to them, the Sun
Cycle chart gives a general picture of the events which will happen during the year
affecting each of the twelve departments of life.

The time the events indicated by each house of the Sun Cycle chart will take place is
when the Sun by progression, which in mundane astrology means its position as
shown on that day in the ephemeris, makes aspects to the position of the planet in the
Sun Cycle chart, ruling the house affected. That is, when the Sun reaches an aspect to
the place of Mars in the Sun Cycle chart, not only are events involving accident and
strife then attracted, but the accident and strife affect the departments of life
governed by the houses Mars rules in the Sun Cycle chart.

While the planets aspected strongly by the Sun in a Sun Cycle chart have more
significance as to events to happen during the year, yet any planets that are powerful
by position or aspect in the chart, whether or not they aspect the Sun, are also
significant of events. In fact, what the year holds in general in each of the twelve
departments of life may be read from the twelve houses of the Sun Cycle chart. It thus
serves the purpose of a natal chart for the year, for the place where erected, and
should be read in all details almost precisely as if it were a person’s birth chart. The
only difference in such reading is that, because it relates to national or municipal
affairs, some of the houses attain a peculiar significance.

Thus the eleventh house is not merely the friends of the city, but the aldermen. Or in
national affairs, it represents the members of Congress and the governors of the
various states. The tenth house, in addition to being the honor of the nation and its
business, signifies the mayor of a city or the president or ruler of the country, and thus
the Administration. And the ninth house in addition to relating to travel, has an
influence over treaties and interstate and foreign commerce, over the District
Attorney, and over the Supreme Court as well as over court proceedings in general.
These house meanings are given in full detail in Chapter 2.

In reading a Sun Cycle chart as a birth chart of the year, one can begin with the first
house as representing the health and general welfare of the people, and their
temperament; the second house as their money and expenditures; the third house as
newspapers, science, postal service and local transportation; the fourth house as
homes and farms, building and development of natural resources; and thus on around
the chart, taking up in detail what may be expected to happen during the year relative
to each department of life.Such a reading, in the main, will be found correct.

But it is subject to intensification in certain directions, due to the progressed aspects
which from time to time form in the Cycle charts of the other planets. A progressed
aspect in the Sun Cycle may or may not coincide with some unusually important

If the event is unusually outstanding, it probably is attracted chiefly through a
commensurate aspect in the Cycle of the planet which rules the type of influence
most involved. But if near the date on which the aspect is completed in this Planetary
Cycle chart, there is also in the Sun Cycle chart a progressed aspect to this planet,
there is on the day when the Sun Cycle aspect is completed an accumulation of
planetary energy of a given type, and due to this added energy of the same kind, the
event is usually timed as to the day it happens thus by the progressed aspect in the Sun

Such also is common in the timing of the exact day on which the chief events
attracted by a Major Conjunction take place. If near the time of the major conjunction
there is a progressed aspect in the Sun Cycle to the place occupied by one of the
planets making the conjunction, this accumulation of planetary energy of a particular
type tends to cause the event then to happen. And to take the final step in such precise
predicting, not only must the energy of a progressed aspect to one of the planets
involved in the conjunction be considered in the Sun Cycle chart but also in the New
Moon chart. That is, important events more commonly occur at such times as there is
an accumulation of energy of a definite type; and progressed aspects to the planet
signifying the event, in the Sun Cycle or in the New Moon Cycle, or both, usually
give the additional energy which times the precise day of the events signified.

Calculating the Sun Cycles

The time each year when the Sun enters each zodiacal sign is given in a table in the
back of Raphael’s Ephemeris, a custom which quite recently has been adopted by
some other ephemerides. The day and time of day when the Sun enters the sign Aries
is the proper time to use for erecting the Sun Cycle chart.

The time there given is Greenwich Mean Time. Therefore, for erecting the Sun Cycle
chart for any place east or west of Greenwich, the Local Mean Time at that place must
be ascertained when the time at Greenwich is as stated for the entrance of the Sun into
Aries. This Equivalent Local Mean Time is ascertained by subtracting the difference
in time, if the place is West Longitude, and adding the difference in time if the place is
East Longitude, from or to the stated Greenwich time. Thus from the time given in
the ephemeris, if it is desired to erect the chart for Washington, which is 77 degrees
west, 5 hours, 8 minutes must be subtracted; or if it is to be erected for Los Angeles,
which is 118 degrees 15 minutes west, 7 hours, 53 minutes must be subtracted. But if
it were desired to erect the chart for Berlin, which is 13 degrees, 24 minutes east, 54
minutes must be added.

Civil Time, as I have noted in connection with calculating the Cycle charts of the
more slowly moving planets, commences at midnight, and therefore is 12 hours
earlier than Mean Time. The present tendency is toward standardizing the time used
by astronomers. There was a time when it was more convenient for them to use a day
which commenced at noon, such as the English and American astrological students
still use. But since 1925 the Naval Observatories who prepare the Ephemerides and
Nautical Almanacs from which the more common ephemerides are prepared, have
instead used Civil Time.

For astronomical and astrological purposes, it is convenient
to reckon time from 0 degrees Longitude on the earth’s surface,